Species and Resource Planning

PC Trask has broad experience in the development and implementation of species and resource plans, especially for species protected under the Endangered Species Act. PC Trask has been influential in several keystone planning processes including:

  • Bonneville Power Administration, US Army Corps of Engineers, and Bureau of Reclamation estuary mitigation architecture of the Biological Assessment for the continued operations of the Federal Columbia River Power System. The resulting Biological Opinion established the mitigation requirements and structure for Columbia River estuary mitigation through 2018.

  • US Fish and Wildlife Biological Opinion for Jordan Cove: PC Trask assisted the Service from early project coordination and NEPA review to development of its Biological Opinion for the Jordan Cove Energy and Pacific Connector Gas Pipeline Project (Jordan Cove). Jordan Cove is one of the largest infrastructure projects proposed in Oregon to date, and would have extensive implications for threatened, endangered, and proposed species. PC Trask teamed with subconsultants Mason, Bruce and Girard in providing draft Opinion materials to the Service that covered 19 species and incorporated the latest national consultation policies, PC Trask played a key role in inter-agency coordination with federal, state, and tribal partners.


  • NOAA Fisheries Biological Opinion for Jordan Cove: PC Trask provided technical support to NOAA for its Biological Opinion under the Endangered Species Act for the proposed Jordan Cove Energy and Pacific Connector Gas Pipeline Project, which would have significant impacts on threatened fish species. Assistance included NEPA review, identification of the full suite of potential effect pathways, and development of several drafts of Opinion support materials.

  • Wild Salmon Center and NOAA Fisheries Oregon Coast Coho Business Plan. The Strategic Action Plans developed with local stakeholders guide local investments for the recovery of listed coho.

Ecosystem Restoration

PC Trask applies a restoration planning approach that is transparent and engaging to the client. We apply proven methods paired with intimate knowledge of the floodplain to move a planning process forward. GIS is central to our process of restoration conceptualization, design, and feasibility analysis. Using GIS to explore spatial data, we have created unique tools to customize our perspective of the landscape in order to identify unrealized restoration potential. Each restoration project is unique, so we use GIS to analyze each project and its expected impacts meticulously.

Planning and Policy Development

PC Trask helps its clients establish clear and strategic policies for natural resource programs, and has led major restoration planning initiatives. Examples include: 


  • Bonneville Power Administration has contracted with PC Trask for nearly a decade to help their Estuary Program effectively and efficiently support salmon restoration below Bonneville Dam and to help inform research, monitoring and evaluation efforts throughout the Columbia River Basin.

  • Implementation effectiveness review of the Lower Columbia Salmon Recovery Plan. This pilot study focused on the habitat-portion of the salmonid recovery plan in the East Fork Lewis River over the past 15 years in order to inform adaptive management practices in the years ahead. The evaluation includes research on nearly 30 different habitat protection and restoration program processes and GIS analyses of the data collected to assess trends in program implementation throughout the watershed. The analysis depicts a unique story about a watershed under immense pressures matched with immense recovery plan expectations.

  • Project management and alternatives analysis for the Vancouver Lake Watershed Partnership, culminating in the development of the Partnership's Recommendations Report,

  • Assistance to the Army Corps of Engineers in several major planning efforts (e.g., Lower Columbia General Investigation Study and Beneficial Use of Dredged Material Design Guidelines) and provides support to their ecosystem restoration authority (Section 536) and Continuing Authorities Program (CAP).



  • Several estuary restoration projects by Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife, Columbia Land Trust, CREST, and the Port of Portland. These entities and others continue to enlist PC Trask to provide leadership, tailored policies, and strategic approaches to natural resource issues.

Geospatial Services

Most everything we do at PC Trask involves the use of spatial data to analyze natural resource issues and tell a compelling story of lasting solutions. We create and manage databases to organize and house the myriad of spatial data we use on a daily basis, including data that we collect in the field, data we develop in our GIS shop, and data we acquire from collaborators and other sources for each project. We specialize in the creation of functional yet aesthetic cartographic figures, allowing our clients to easily interpret spatial data and their fundamental messages. Each figure is tailor-fit to client and project needs and reflects our attention to detail and our thorough internal review and editing processes.